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مجله علمی پژوهشی انجمن مهندسی صوتیات ایران 2016, 3(2): 37-43 Back to browse issues page
The effect of ultrasound on the enzymatic hydrolysis of starch with alpha-amylase enzyme
H. Siami, M.R. Housaindokht *, A. Nakhaei Pour
Abstract:   (4468 Views)

In this research, the effect of ultrasound (US) on the activity and the kinetic parameters of enzymatic hydrolysis of starch by alpha-amylase were investigated. To this aim, alpha-amylase was exposed to ultrasonic irradiation for different time intervals and a constant frequency of 20 kHz, then its enzymatic activity was measured. According to the results, the maximum activity of amylase was recorded in the absence of US and increasing the irradiation time reduced the enzymatic activity. The relative activity of amylase under irradiation time intervals of 0, 10, 20 and 30 min were 100, 92.13, 34.62 and 7.47 percent, respectively. The optimum pH and temperature for amylase activity in both, the absence and presence of US were similar (T=50º C and pH=6). There was no considerable change in Km, while the results showed a decrease in the value of Vmax. In comparison with the corresponding value in the absence of US, the enzymatic hydrolysis increased when the enzyme and starch solutions were exposed to the US for 10 minutes. However, this value decreased when the solutions were exposed to US for 20 and 30 minutes. Furthermore, the effect of ultrasound on the structure of amylase were studied using viscometeric and florescence spectroscopy. These results indicated that, US have equivocal effect on enzyme activity. One effect was a destructive one on the structure of amylase and the other effect was increasing the collision frequency of substrate-enzyme, and consequently, an increase in hydrolysis.

Keywords: Alpha-amylase, Starch, Ultrasound, Activity, Kinetic parameter.
Full-Text [PDF 98 kb]   (1008 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Hydroacoustics
Received: 2015/07/28 | Accepted: 2016/01/25 | Published: 2016/03/18
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Siami H, Housaindokht M, Nakhaei Pour A. The effect of ultrasound on the enzymatic hydrolysis of starch with alpha-amylase enzyme. مجله علمی پژوهشی انجمن مهندسی صوتیات ایران. 2016; 3 (2) :37-43
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year 3, Issue 2 (Journal of Acoustical Engineering Society of Iran 2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی-پژوهشی انجمن مهندسی صوتیات ایران Journal of Acoustical Engineering Society of Iran
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